Sample Question Paper

Term I

Class -XII

Time: 90 minutes                                                                  Max. Marks: 40

General Instructions:
1. The paper is divided into 3 sections.
2. Section A has 24 questions. Attempt any 20 questions.
3. Section B has 24 questions. Attempt any 20 questions.
4. Section C has 12 questions. Attempt any 10 questions.
5. All questions carry equal marks.
6. There is no negative marking.


1. There is a close relationship between disability and poverty. Identify the option that
does not hold true in this context.
a) Malnutrition
b) Frequent childbirth
c) Inadequate immunisation
d) High socio-economic status
2. Which of the following does not lead to population explosion?
a) Low level of economic development can lead to population explosion.
b) It happens due to high birth rate and low death rate.
c) It takes longer for society to alter reproductive behaviour.
d) Reduced fertility rate
3. India’s population is projected to increase from 1.2 billion today to an estimated
1.6 billion by 2050. This happens due toa)
Population momentum
b) Population explosion
c) Population policy
d) National Health Policy
4. Ageing population impliesa)
Low dependency ratio
b) High dependency ratio
c) Window of economic opportunity
d) High death rate
5. Which of the following factors is not responsible for the caste system to become
invisible for the upper caste, urban middle and upper classes in the contemporary
a) Subsidised public education
b) Expansion of state sector jobs after independence
c) opportunities offered by rapid development
d) no inherited educational or economic capital
6. The newly married couple stays with the groom’s parents. Which form of family is
a) Patrilocal
b) Neolocal
c) Matrilocal
d) Avunculocal
7. Unlike the death rate, ________________ does not register a sharp fall because
it is a socio-cultural phenomenon.
a) Birth rate
b) Maternal mortality rate
c) Life expectancy
d) Dependency ratio
8. Demographic data are not important for which of the following?
a) planning and implementation of state policies
b) economic development
c) general public welfare
d) Preventing disintegration of joint families
9. The rate of natural increase is the difference betweena)
Birth rate and maternal mortality rate
b) Maternal mortality rate and life expectancy
c) Dependency ratio and death rate
d) Birth rate and death rate
10. Caste system imposes rules. Which of the following is incorrect in this context?
a) Caste groups are endogamous.
b) Caste is hierarchical system.
c) Occupational choices are open.
d) There are restrictions on food sharing.
11. How did the British try to understand the complexity of caste system?
a) Interview
b) Survey
c) Participant Observation
d) Interview and Participant Observation
12. Two broad sets of issues have been most important in giving rise to tribal
movements- control over vital economic resources and _______________.
a) issues relating to matters of ethnic-cultural identity
b) globalisation
c) colonialism
d) secularisation
13. It was in the ________ and __________ spheres that caste has proved strongest.
a) economic and technical
b) religious and technical
c) cultural and educational
d) cultural and domestic
14. Just like caste in India, race in South Africa stratifies society into a hierarchy. This
system is called ___________.
a) Casteism
b) Apartheid
c) Tribalism
d) Untouchability
15. The service and artisanal castes who occupied the lower rungs of the caste
hierarchy are referred to as

b) Scheduled Tribes
c) Bohras
d) OBCs
16. _______ is often grounded in stereotypes.
a) inclusion
b) Prejudice
c) Reservation
d) Accommodation
17. People do not face discrimination and exclusion on the basis ofa)
b) Class
c) Gender
d) Family system
18. Cultural diversity can present tough challenges. Which of the following is not a
reason for the same?
a) It can arouse intense passions.
b) It can often mobilise large numbers of people.
c) Cultural identities are not significant.
d) Cultural differences are accompanied by economic and social inequalities.
19. ______________ is the most recent significant initiative of the civil society which
makes the state accountable to the nation and its people.
c) RTI
20. Language coupled with ___________and _____________ have provided the most
powerful instrument for the formation of ethno-national identity in India.
a) region, religion
b) regional, tribal identity
c) Religion, class
d) Class, gender
21. To be effective, the ideas of inclusive nationalism had to be built into the
a) Constitution
b) Parliament
c) Supreme Court
d) Legislature
22. What criterion is used to define minority in the sociological sense?
a) Privilege
b) Only numerical distinction
c) Solidarity due to experience of disadvantage
d) Individualism
23. ____________ states often limit or abolish civil liberties.
a) Authoritarian
b) Democratic
c) Civil Society
d) Libertarian
24. Stree Purush Tulana, was written as a protest against the double standards of a
male dominated society. The author of this book wasa)
Tarabai Shinde
b) Savitri Phule
c) Annie Beasant
d) Anita Ghai


25. Scholars have shown that the inequalities between men and women are _______
rather than__________.
a) Natural, Social
b) Social, Natural
c) Desirable, undesirable
d) Economic, racial
26. Low child sex ratio cannot be attributed to which of the following factorsa)
b) Socio-cultural beliefs
c) Economic condition
d) Preference for girl child
27. The city offers anonymity which is an important reason for rural to urban migration.
Who enjoys this anonymity?
I. poorer sections of the socially dominant rural groups
II. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
III. Women
IV. Children
a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I and IV
d) I and III
28. Caste system can be understood as the combination of two sets of principlesa)
Wholism-hierarchy and difference and separation
b) Segmental division and hereditary occupation
c) Exogamy and endogamy
d) Purity and Pollution
29. ________________ process involving our significant others, is important in
developing a sense of community identity.
a) Socialisation
b) Secularisation
c) Globalisation
d) Marketisation
30. Assertion: The emergence of sociology and its successful establishment as an
academic discipline owed a lot to demography.
Reasoning: This happened due to the rise of nation-states and the emergence of
the modern science of statistics.
a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) Both A and R are false.
d) A is false and R is true.
31. When the growth rate is 0, the population is said to have reacheda)
Replacement level
b) Negative growth
c) Positive growth
d) High birth rate
32. Which of the demographic indicators are not used to calculate total fertility rate?
a) Number of live births in the reproductive age group
b) Age specific fertility rate
c) Sex ratio
d) Number of women in the child-bearing age group
33. Kerala is beginning to acquire an age structure like that of the developed countries.
Which of the following is true in this context?
a) High birth rate and high death rate
b) Low birth rate and low death rate
c) High birth rate and low death rate
d) Low birth rate and high death rate
34. A state like Tripura had the tribal share of its population halved within a single
decade, reducing them to a minority. Which of the following explains the given
a) heavy in-migration of non-tribals
b) accommodation of tribal identity
c) climate change
d) community-based forms of collective ownership
35. Assertion: Sanskritisation usually accompanies or follows a rise in the economic
status of the caste attempting it.
Reason: Adopting the ritual, domestic and social practices of a caste (or castes)
of higher status raises the social status of the members of middle or lower castes.
a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) Both A and R are false.
d) A is true and R is false.
36. Among the Khasis, the family isa)
b) Matrilocal
c) Avunculocal
d) neolocal
37. Which of the statements is not true for the Khasi tribes?
a) Khasi matriliny generates intense role conflict for men.
b) Women possess only token authority in Khasi society.
c) Men are more adversely affected than the women by the role conflict among
d) The system is weighted in favour of male matri-kin rather than male patri-kin.
38. Which of the following is not true about the intervention of the colonial state and its
impact on the institution of caste?
a) land revenue settlements and related arrangements and laws gave legal
recognition to the customary (caste-based) rights of the upper castes.
b) Large scale irrigation schemes like the ones in the Punjab were accompanied
by efforts to settle populations there, and these also had a caste dimension.
c) Colonial state did not work for the welfare of the downtrodden.
d) Direct attempt to count caste and to officially record caste status changed the
institution itself.
39. Soviet Union explicitly recognised that the peoples it governed were of different
‘nations’; the population of ‘non-resident’ Jamaicans exceeds that of ‘resident’
Jamaicans; Jewish Americans may be citizens of Israel as well as the USA; which
of the following do the given examples signify?
a) Nations are easy to define and hard to describe.
b) States are difficult to define.
c) Nations are easy to describe and hard to define.
d) states cannot be described.
40. Assertion: Most states feared that the recognition of cultural diversity would lead
to social fragmentation and prevent the creation of a harmonious society.
Reason: Accommodating these differences is not challenging.
a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) A is true and R is false.
d) A is false and R is true.
41. Parsis or Sikhs are examples of anomalous minority groups because of which of
the following reasons?
a) They are religious minorities and economically well-off.
b) They are not politically vulnerable.
c) They do not need any special protection because of their demographic
d) They do not face any risk from majority community.
42. Which of the following factors is not responsible for generating plurality of groups?
a) Large-scale migration
a) Modern capitalism
b) Colonialism
d) Assimilation and integration
43. Choose the incorrect statement about communalism.
a) Communalism is about politics not about religion.
b) It cultivates an aggressive political identity.
c) It is a recurrent source of tension and violence.
d) A communalist is always a devout person.
44. Assertion: Ritually highest caste – the Brahmins were subordinated to the secular
power of kings and rulers belonging to the Kshatriya castes.
Reason: In strict scriptural terms, Brahmins were not supposed to amass wealth.
a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) Both A and R are false.
d) A is true and R is false.
45. Prolonged experience of discriminatory or insulting behaviour often produces a
reaction on the part of the excluded who then stop trying for inclusion. In this
context choose the incorrect statement.
a) Dalits may build their own temple
b) convert to another religion
c) social exclusion is voluntary
d) they may no longer desire to be included in the Hindu temple or religious events
46. The Independence of India in 1947 should have made life easier for adivasis but
this was not the case. This is because ofa)
Internal colonialism
b) British rule
c) Incompetency of tribal groups
d) Lack of unity among tribal groups
47. State action alone cannot ensure social change for the Dalits. There are many
other ways to bring about social change. Which of the following is not the correct
option in this context?
a) Political organisation
b) contributions to literature
c) people’s movements
d) Legislations only
48. A South American proverb says – “If hard labour were really such a good thing,
the rich would keep it all for themselves!” What does this proverb imply?
a) Presence of social inclusion
b) Presence of equality
c) Presence of social stratification
d) Presence of homogeneity






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